Jakiś czas temu na blogu pojawił się wpis z podstawowymi czasownikami frazowymi, które musisz znać (tutaj). To już trzeci taki wpis. Tym razem przygotowałam 25 phrasal verbs dla osób, które są na wyższym poziomie zaawansowania języka angielskiego. A tutaj znajdziecie kilka sposobów jak uczyć się tych czasowników.
1.burn down – to destroy something with fire, or to be destroyed in this way (spalić) They weren’t injured, but their house burned down.
2. cheer up – if someone cheers up, or something cheers someone up, they start to feel happier (rozchmurzyć się, rozweselić się) Sara was sick so I sent her some flowers to cheer her up.
Samantha went shopping to cheer herself up.
3. cut in – to interrupt someone or something (wtrącać się, wtrącać, przerywać np. wypowiedź, rozmowę)
I’m sorry to cut in, but I have some information that might help.
4. make up ma wiele znaczeń. Dzisiaj przedstawiam cztery:
A. invent an explanation – to invent an explanation for something, especially in order to avoid being punished or embarrassed (zmyślać) He made up some excuse about the dog eating his homework.
B. invent a story/poem etc – to invent a story, poem etc (wymyślać) They made up a little poem and wrote it in the card.
C. become friends again – to become friendly with someone again after an argument (pogodzić się) Why don’t you two forget your differences and make up?
D. put on make-up – to put make-up on someone’s face (ucharakteryzować się) They made my face up to look like a clown
5. top up – to add money to a cellular phone (doładować telefon). I need to pop up my phone.
6. move on – to leave the place where you are staying and go somewhere else (iść do przodu (zmieniać coś na lepsze), rozwijać się) . I’ve lived in this town long enough – it’s time to move on.
7. button up – used to describe a piece of clothing that fastens with a row of buttons up the front (zapiąć guziki) Button up Billy, will you? It’s quite cold today.
8. bring together – to cause people to be friendly with each other (pogodzić/ polepszyć stosunki)The disaster brought the local community together
9. look down on – to think that you are better than someone (pogardzać) She thinks they look down on her because she doesn’t have a job.
10. hang on – to wait for a short time (poczekać): Hang on a minute – I’ll be with you in a moment!
11. show off – to behave in a way that is intended to attract attention or admiration, and that other people often find annoying (popisywać się, chwalić się): She only bought that sports car to show off and prove she could afford one.
12. fall through – to fail (nie dojść do skutku). Our party for next Saturday fell through. I hope our plans don’t fall through.
13. break out – if something dangerous or unpleasant breaks out, it suddenly starts (wybuchnąć o wojnie, epidemii). War broke out in 1914. Fighting has broken out all over the city.
14. get down to – to start to direct your efforts and attention towards something (zabrać się do)I’ve got a lot of work to do, but I can’t seem to get down to it.
15. look around – to visit a place and look at things there (rozglądać się). They spent all day looking around the town.
16. stop over – to stay at a place for one night or a few nights on the way to somewhere else or before returning home (zatrzymać się gdzieś na kilka dni w czasie podróży). They’re stopping over in Dubai for a couple of nights on the way to Australia.
17. kick in – to start to have an effect or to happen (zacząć działać). It takes half an hour for the medication to kick in.
18. pull over – if a vehicle pulls over, it moves to the side of the road and stops (zatrzymać się, zjechać na pobocze). Just pull over here, and I’ll get out and walk the rest of the way.
19. pick up – to go and meet someone or something that you have arranged to take somewhere in a vehicle (odebrać) Will you pick me up after the party?
20. jot sth down – to write something quickly on a piece of paper so that you remember it (zapisać, zanotować). I carry a notebook so that I can jot down any ideas.
21. goof off / goof around – to waste time, procrastinate (obijać się) The teacher told them to stop goofing off.
22. boss around – tell someone what to do, give orders (rządzić, rządzić się, dyrygować)
John complained that his older sister was always bossing him around. .
23. pop in/into – to visit briefly, if you pop into a place, you visit there briefly, usually for some purpose (wpadać do kogoś).
Why don’t you pop in and see us this afternoon?
24. tuck into – to start eating something eagerly (wcinać, jeść z zapałem) Judging by the way they tucked into their dinner, they must have been very hungry. There’s plenty of food, so please tuck in.
25. mellow out – to become more relaxed (slang) – My dad has definitely mellowed out as he’s gotten older (zrelaksować się, rozluźnić się)
Ile czasowników z tej listy już znacie?
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